By Lee Minji
SEOUL, July 21 (Yonhap) -- Two national museums simultaneously kicked off exhibitions highlighting works from late Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-hee's massive art collection Wednesday, allowing the public to take a peek at Korean masterpieces of various eras and formats.
"A Great Cultural Legacy: Masterpieces from the Bequest of the Late Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-hee" and "Lee Kun-hee Collection: Masterpieces of Korean Art," taking place respectively at the National Museum of Korea (NMK) and the Seoul gallery of the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea (MMCA), are the first two major exhibitions showcasing the collection.
The special exhibitions -- which the government and the national museums said will continue in other forms going forward -- focus on the works of Korean artists this time, with the oldest pieces dating back to the prehistoric era.
The two museums have upped the hype surrounding the collection, saying the exhibitions feature the very best of Lee's collection, such as Joseon era landscape painter Jeong Seon (1676-1759)'s picturesque work "Clearing after Rain on Mount Inwang" and abstract master Kim Whan-ki's large-scale painting "Women and Jars."
At the NMK in Seoul's Yongsan Ward, 77 pieces of cultural artifacts -- including metalcrafts, earthenware, porcelain, bibliographic materials, calligraphy, paintings and wooden furniture -- are on view.
While all the pieces have been unveiled to the public through one exhibition or another, museum officials said what makes this exhibition special is curating them at one venue and offering videos and digital explanations for added depth.
"They have all been on display before and are very famous works," Lee Su-kyung, a curator at the museum, told reporters in a press preview Tuesday. "Our goal is to show their value in a good environment through rich and detailed references."
NMK officials picked Jeong Seon's landscape painting as one of the most valuable artworks at the exhibition. While it is disputed whether the Joseon-era painter drew the mountain landscape for a sponsor or an ailing friend, its exquisite details have made it National Treasure No. 216.
While Mount Inwang -- which still sprawls across Jongno Ward in modern-day Seoul -- was not a treasured mountain back then, the landscape painter depicted the peak with an affectionate view that captures the details of the mountain that still remain today.
Other highlights of the exhibition include Buddhist statues and paintings such as the "Bodhisattva Triad with a Single Halo," a sculpture from the Three Kingdoms period designated as National Treasure No. 134, and "Practices and Vows of Samantabhadra from the Flower Garland Sutra," a Goryeo dynasty painting designated as National Treasure No. 235.
The MMCA exhibition, meanwhile, focuses on modern paintings and sculptures by Korean artists. The exhibition, which showcases 58 works by 24 artists, is divided into the three sections of "Adoption and Transformation," "Shows of Individuality" and "Setting Down Roots and Seeking New Avenues."
The first section zooms in on how Korean artists adapted to historic changes, like Japan's 1910-45 occupation of the Korean Peninsula, and took in influences by Western artists to fuse them with traditional styles through Baik Nam-soon's "Paradise" and Lee Sang-beom's "Peach Blossom Spring (1922)."
"Shows of Individuality," which focuses on masters of South Korean art, is the gem of the art exhibition that showcases key works of painters like Kim Whan-ki, Yoo Young-kuk, Park Soo-keun and Lee Jung-seop.
At first glance, Kim's "Women and Jars" (1950s) catches the eye, as it fills up a whole wall. The painting, which measures 2.81 meters in height and 5.67 meters in length and is characterized by its pastel tones and natural lines, is seen as representing the artist's love for Joseon porcelain.
Lee Jung-seop's "Bull" (1950s), a subject the ill-fated artist was mesmerized by throughout his life, and Park Soo-keun's "Woman Pounding Grain" (1954) are also pieces that should not be missed.
The exhibitions come roughly three months after Lee's family and the culture ministry announced the donation of around 23,000 art pieces, including masterpieces by Korean and Western artists, such as Kim Whan-ki, Claude Monet and Salvador Dali. Lee died in October.
Apart from the corporate empire he built, the late entrepreneur was an art enthusiast whose collection could easily match that of a top-tier museum. The senior Lee, considered to have owned the biggest collection of South Korea's national treasures among individuals, was especially fond of antique artworks.
Tickets to both exhibitions are free of charge but reservations should be made in advance due to Level 4 social distancing guidelines in place in the greater Seoul area. Both institutions release new slots at midnight, but most tickets have sold out.
The exhibition at the NMK runs until Sept. 26, while the MMCA exhibition runs until March 13.
The two museums plan to hold another large-scale exhibition in April next year to mark the first anniversary of Lee's massive donation.