By Kim Deok-hyun
SEOUL, July 27 (Yonhap) -- South Korea's economy grew at a solid pace in the second quarter and is on track for a 4 percent expansion this year estimated by the central bank thanks to a strong recovery of domestic demand and robust exports, the Bank of Korea (BOK) said Tuesday.
Gross domestic product increased 0.7 percent on-quarter in the April-June period, after a 1.7 percent expansion in the first quarter.
The nation's economy grew 5.9 percent on an annual basis, marking the fastest expansion in a decade.
The growth was partly supported by a recovery in private consumption in the second quarter, the BOK said in the statement.
South Korea's economy contracted 1.3 percent and 3.2 percent in the first and second quarter of last year, respectively, before expanding 2.1 percent in the third quarter and 1.2 percent in the fourth quarter.
Private consumption rose 3.5 percent on-quarter in the second quarter and government expenditures gained 3.6 percent in the April-June period, the BOK said.
A strong recovery in exports is expected to help South Korea's economy grow at a faster-than-expected pace, but a raging fourth wave of COVID-19 infections is likely to weigh on the economy.
"While the economy has benefited from a consistently strong export performance, the domestic COVID-19 situation remained worrisome, necessitating extended social distancing rules, which moderated the gains from spending growth," Moody's Analytics said in a recent note.
"Notwithstanding this constraint, some improvement in the pace of employment, together with continued strength in trade, is expected to have lifted demand."
Earlier this month, the BOK kept the base rate steady at a record low of 0.5 percent, but BOK Gov. Lee Ju-yeol adopted a more hawkish tone.
Lee said the BOK will review whether a policy adjustment is needed at next month's rate-setting meeting, prompting some analysts to speculate that the central bank could raise its key rate in August.
The BOK "could raise its key rate within this year" if infections with the delta variant ease and prospects of an economic recovery become clear, Lee told reporters.