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(LEAD) Private spending recovery still uncertain amid virus resurgence: ministry

10:54 August 20, 2021

(ATTN: UPDATES with remarks by ministry official in last 5 paras; ADDS photo)
By Kim Soo-yeon

SEOUL, Aug. 20 (Yonhap) -- The South Korean economy is facing continued uncertainty about domestic demand as the latest flare-up in COVID-19 cases is hurting face-to-face service sectors, the finance ministry said Friday.

In its monthly economic assessment report, the ministry said the country's exports remain robust and the job market has extended improvements amid an economic recovery.

"But uncertainty over domestic demand has continued, centering on in-person service segments, due to the flare-up in COVID-19 cases," the Ministry of Economy and Finance said in the Green Book.

In recent months, private consumption picked up as the economic recovery strengthened. But the recent spike in virus cases and the toughest virus curbs are feared to dampen improving domestic demand, potentially sapping economic recovery momentum.

This photo, taken Aug. 17, 2021, shows a store with a lease sign at the shopping district of Myeongdong in central Seoul amid the fourth wave of the pandemic. (Yonhap)

South Korea is grappling with the fourth wave of the pandemic, with the number of daily virus cases topping 1,000 for the 45th straight day.

The country added 2,052 new COVID-19 cases Friday, raising the total to 232,859. It reported a record high of 2,222 on Aug. 11.

Since July 12, the greater Seoul area, home to half of the country's population of 52 million, has been under the toughest social distancing rules, which include business restrictions and a ban on private gatherings of three or more people after 6 p.m.

July data on domestic demand pointed to mixed trends. Credit card spending grew 7.9 percent on-year last month, marking the sixth straight month of gains. Sales of department stores and online spending at retailers increased on-year.

But domestic sales of automobiles fell 14.9 percent on-year, marking the fifth consecutive month of declines, and the index gauging consumer sentiment dipped for the first time in July since December.

The ministry said card spending did not decline amid the current wave of the pandemic in a stark contrast from consumption patterns shown during previous flare-ups in virus cases.

"Given that people's mobility did not fall sharply and online consumption expanded, the impact of (the virus resurgence) on consumption appears to have waned," Kim Young-hoon, a senior ministry official, told a press briefing.

Finance Minister Hong Nam-ki said last week the potential economic fallout of the current wave of the pandemic will likely be large starting in August.

The government expected Asia's fourth-largest economy to grow 4.2 percent this year. The Bank of Korea forecast economic growth of 4 percent.

Kim said the government thinks the Korean economy appears to be on a growth path due to robust exports despite the flare-up in COVID-19.

This photo, taken Aug. 18, 2021, shows a store in downtown Seoul with a sign reading it will soon be closed for business. (Yonhap)

sooyeon@yna.co.kr
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